A startling research from Johns Hopkins Medicine proposes that detection of sugar molecule biomarkers through MRI can make biopsies more effective.
Earlier, a few researchers claimed that MRI can effortlessly discover glucose with the help of its surrounding water molecules. However, injectable dyes were needed to image protein outside the sugar cells. Thus far, numerous medical experts have used the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) through this method.
Researchers weighed up MRI observation of proteins with and without sugar for this purpose. The main objective was to find out alterations in signals. Afterwards, they searched for the signals in four major kinds of cancer cells. Surprisingly, they observed relatively low levels of mucin-attached sugar in cells.
Jeff Bulte, a professor of radiology and radiological science at Johns Hopkins University, describe the research in detail. He informs that this is the first time any study has discovered use of MRI in imaging cellular slime.
During the growth of cancer, a few protein cells begin to release sugar molecules from their outer membrane. The size of the molecules shrinks due to sugar molecules. It is considered as one of the major difference between regular cells and cancerous cells. The MRI technique detects initial stage cancer through sugar present on the outer layer of protein cells.
The study printed in the recent edition of Journal Nature states that further test are required for the completion of study.